Alloy datings ru
Alloy datings ru - harry and henderson's online dating
The remains of palaeofauna were represented by bones of orang-utans, elephants-stegodons, pandas, rhinoceros, macaques, tapirs, and deer. In the course of the excavation of 1965, a considerable amount of stones were recorded in deposits dated (inter alia by the evidence of palinological and petrographical analyses) to the end of the middle Pleistocene (Nguen Lan Cuong 1985: 98–100).
Kahlke, who came to the conclusion that the Middle-Pleistocene deposits in caves of the Northern Vietnam were disturbed by erosion connected with dampening of the climate in the beginning of the Holocene and are preserved only in the areas close to the walls.A total of over 300 bone objects have been found at Varfolomeevka (fig. with the formation of the early Aeneolithic Caspian culture. The main indicators of firing technique and technology are the temperature and furnace atmosphere regimes. Firing atmosphere regimes were oxidising and ‘smudging’. There is some evidence which allows us to suppose the appearance of the first firing constructions of a closed type. This area, embracing the west coasts of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Kolyma River basin and Chukotski Peninsula, is characterised by extremal living conditions of the arctic and sub-arctic zones.These are peculiar by the absence of any common posture of the deceased and of any grave inventory. Finds from layer 2A conform well to the chronological scale of the final Neolithic in the Volga steppe and are dated to the last quarter of the 5 mil. The area of the Russian Far East is of special interest for the studies of the correlation between the evolution of pottery firing techniques and cultural-historical dynamics. b) The second stage corresponds to the Late Neolithic – Paleometallic period (second half of the 2 cen. The first firing constructions of a closed type appeared and began to develop during this period (Figs. c) The third stage corresponds to the Developed Iron Age (first half of the 1 mil. Firing atmosphere regimes were oxidising and ‘smudging’. b) The second stage corresponds to the Paleometallic period (the turn of the 1 mil. During this period, metal appeared and began to spread throughout Sakhalin, this process probably having influenced to some extent the progress in pottery-firing technique. The tempos of the cultural-historical dynamics in the northern Far East were the slowest in comparison with the southern mainland and insular parts of the area under discussion.The territory of the distribution of sites of the Orlovskaya culture is the steppe zone between the Volga and Ural rivers and the right steppe bank of the Volga. The known approaches to the identification of firing temperature indexes and firing atmosphere characteristics include a set of methods (colour analysis, re-firing, experimental testing, petrographical analysis, and SEM) (Heinmann 1981; Shepard 1985; Rice 1987). Several stages of the ancient evolution of pottery-firing are distinguished corresponding to certain cultural-historical stages. d) The fourth stage corresponds to the period of the Early States in the Russian Far East (7 cen. a) The first stage corresponds to the Neolithic period (6 mil. The simplest open-fire technique may be presumed on the basis of the data of ceramic analyses. Two types of metallic vessels are considered: vessels with an arc-shaped handle and cauldrons. Cauldrons (often found together with bronze hooks) from the ‘royal’ burials of rank traditionally are attributed to insignia of the royal power, though they might have had also a sacral function.The economy of the bearers of the Orlovskaya culture was a complex hunting and fishing one, while in the upper horizon, bones of sheep and cow appear suggesting the transition to food production. a) The first stage embraces the period from the beginning of pottery-making in the Russian Far East in the Late Pleistocene – Early Holocene (11–8 mil. The available information shows a close relation between the pottery firing technique, general level of the development of pottery-making and the tempos of the cultural-historical dynamics of prehistoric and ancient cultures in different zones of the Russian Far East. Results of new excavations of defensive structures of the Lengyel Culture This article presents information about excavations of a new Eneolithic object of the Lengyel Culture near v. This structure, like the other similar ones excavated earlier, is an area encircled with a ring moat 150 m in diameter with two entrances (fig. In some areas of the moat (6.5–13.5 m, depth from 3 to 5 m), in its lower and upper parts, a number of burials were found. The votive function of the Near-East vessels with arc-shaped handle has been noted by D. In terms of the manner in which the handles are fixed on a vessel, the closest parallels to the Trialeti examples are demonstrated by those from the second horizon of Kültepe and from burial no. These parallels enabled us to date the complexes where they are found to the turn of the 3 mil. In the peculiarities of their construction and the manner of fixing the handles with split ends, the closest parallels to the Trialeti cauldrons are the golden example in a hoard from Byblos and bronze cauldrons from burials of the second horizon of Kültepe. The cave of Tham Khuyen is situated 23.5 m above the modern level of the rice fields.
Stone artefacts from the cave of Tham Khuyen in the north of Vietnam During their scientific trip to SRV in the end of 1984 – beginning of 1985, the authors had an opportunity to examine the main collections and visit quite a number of the key sites of the Stone Age in different districts of Vietnam.
Still more distinctly the collection from Tham Khuyen differs from the Mesolithic Hoa Binh industry of which some peculiar types of worked pebbles are characteristic (‘sumatroliths’, ‘discoids’, ‘short axes’ and axes made from pebbles with ground edges). Interdisciplinary studies of the evidence from Varfolomeevka made it possible to obtain information for the dating of the site and on the palaeoclimate during the whole period of its existence, the economy of its population, and the technologies of various household manufactures, so that now Varfolomeevka is one of the most studied sites in the Volga steppe zone.
The secondary flaking differs still stronger, being much more regular and careful. The remains of dwellings – rectangular semi-pitted houses were excavated in the three lower horizons.
Only three flakes were of elongated shape with thin (linear) striking platforms (fig. One of the flakes probably may be identified as Levallois (fig. The secondary flaking was based on trimming and rough retouching – often irregular light abrupt or semi-abrupt. 3: 9) and some object which may be described as a beak-shaped point (fig. Noteworthy is a partially worked blank for some tool on a very large pebble cleft lengthways (fig. This object resembles picks of the Son Vi culture, though the latter differ by their more careful finish and symmetrical shape (Ha Huu Nga 1982: 13).
The pebble tools comprised a small series of bifaces, including two with pointed ends emphasised by chipping and retouch, of which one resembled ovaloid bifaces (fig. Noteworthy is an example bifacially chipped from a large and flat pebble (fig. In general, the collection from Tham Khuyen belongs to the number of typical pebble-working industries with extremely primitive technique of primary knapping.
The cave of Tham Khuyen consists of two chambers connected by a corridor, the rocky floor of which is inclined towards the entrance.